5 Biggest Causes of Knee Pain (and How to Avoid Them)

Knee pain can really put a cramp in your style. If you're experiencing chronic or acute knee pain, it might be due to injuries, mechanical problems, or your weight. In many cases, you can do a lot to support your knees and reduce your pain! At Integrated Medical Solutions of Knoxville in Knoxville, Tennessee, Dr. David Shreve and our experienced care team support patients dealing with all kinds of knee pain. Here are some of the most common causes for knee pain we see, and steps you can take to avoid them.

1. Injuries

Injuries to your ligaments, tendons, bones, cartilage, and muscles can cause joint pain. Some of the more common ways to injure your knees include:

To reduce the pain associated with knee injuries, seek medical attention right away. Once a knee has been injured, your risk of reinjury increases, so pay attention to rehab and joint care.

2. Mechanical problems

If your knees aren't functioning properly, even if you haven't experienced an injury, you can still be left in considerable pain. Some of the common mechanical problems that can lead to knee pain include:

If your pain is caused by mechanical issues, speaking to a doctor is your best bet. We can advise you on the best treatments and therapies for your problem.

3. Weight gain

Being overweight places additional stress on your knee joints and puts you at increased risk of injury and osteoarthritis. If your knees ache after even moderate activity, weight loss might be a way for you to reduce the stress on your joints and lessen your pain.

To lose weight safely, adjust your diet. Our care team works with you to develop a healthy food plan. Moderate, low-impact exercise for at least 20 minutes daily, or even a few times a week, can also make a big difference.

4. Lack of muscle strength or flexibility

If you don't have enough strength or flexibility in your leg and core muscles, your risk of knee injuries and pain goes up. When your muscles are strong, they work to stabilize and protect your joints. With good muscle flexibility, you can achieve a full range of motion.

To strengthen your leg muscles and increase your flexibility, focus on building up your quadriceps and hamstrings, the muscles that support your knees. Additionally, try balance or stability training to get the muscles surrounding your knees working together.

5. Exercise issues

While it's important to exercise to maintain your muscle tone and flexibility, exercising too much, or in the wrong ways, can contribute to knee pain.

When you exercise, always stretch first to loosen your muscles and reduce the risk of stress injuries. If you have known knee problems, choose low-impact activities like swimming or water aerobics.

Some sports, like skiing and basketball, put a lot of strain on your knees. Additionally, if you work in a construction or farming job, you'll be putting your knees through stress regularly. If you're engaging in any of these activities, be sure to stretch before and after, and support your knees with braces if needed. Take the time you need for conditioning, and keep your technique clean when practicing for your sport or profession.

If you're dealing with knee pain and need medical advice, Integrated Medical Solutions of Knoxville offers a free knee-pain consultation. Dr. Shreve can diagnose the cause of your pain and guide you to treatments and therapies to alleviate or cure the underlying issue. Integrated Medical Solutions offers treatments including adjustments, acupuncture, and regenerative medicine procedures. To schedule your consultation, call our office, or book online.

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